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  • Biomedicalization of Aging: Dangers and Dilemmas1 | The.



Uploaded by associate-eliza-zhang on January 8, 2018

Medicalization or medicalisation ( see spelling differences ) is the process by which human conditions and problems come to be defined and treated as medical conditions , and thus become the subject of medical study, diagnosis, prevention , or treatment. Medicalization can be driven by new evidence or hypotheses about conditions; by changing social attitudes or economic considerations; or by the development of new medications or treatments.

These sociologists did not believe medicalization to be a new phenomenon, arguing that medical authorities had always been concerned with social behavior and traditionally functioned as agents of social control (Foucault, 1965; Szasz,1970; Rosen). However, these authors took the view that increasingly sophisticated technology had extended the potential reach of medicalization as a form of social control, especially in terms of "psychotechnology" (Chorover,1973).

The concept of medicalization dovetailed with some aspects of the 1970s feminist movement. Critics such as Ehrenreich and English (1978) argued that women's bodies were being medicalized by the predominantly male medical profession. Menstruation and pregnancy had come to be seen as medical problems requiring interventions such as hysterectomies .

This paper presents the argument that social gerontologists have adopted a biomedical model of senile dementia, neglecting social factors involved in the definition and interpretation of brain disease and in the experience of dementing illness. This biomedical model is critiqued, including the definition of pathology, the attribution of behavioral changes to disease stages, and the legitimation of medical control over persons with dementing illnesses.

Uploaded by associate-eliza-zhang on January 8, 2018

Uploaded by associate-eliza-zhang on January 8, 2018

Medicalization or medicalisation ( see spelling differences ) is the process by which human conditions and problems come to be defined and treated as medical conditions , and thus become the subject of medical study, diagnosis, prevention , or treatment. Medicalization can be driven by new evidence or hypotheses about conditions; by changing social attitudes or economic considerations; or by the development of new medications or treatments.

These sociologists did not believe medicalization to be a new phenomenon, arguing that medical authorities had always been concerned with social behavior and traditionally functioned as agents of social control (Foucault, 1965; Szasz,1970; Rosen). However, these authors took the view that increasingly sophisticated technology had extended the potential reach of medicalization as a form of social control, especially in terms of "psychotechnology" (Chorover,1973).

The concept of medicalization dovetailed with some aspects of the 1970s feminist movement. Critics such as Ehrenreich and English (1978) argued that women's bodies were being medicalized by the predominantly male medical profession. Menstruation and pregnancy had come to be seen as medical problems requiring interventions such as hysterectomies .



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