This is Big Book

  • Skylines: A Journey Through 50 Skylines of the World s.
  • Skylines: A Journey Through 50 Skylines of the World s.



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Big city life unites the planet. Every habitable continent has metropolitan hot spots that are a hive of activity, a hub of culture – or, to countless millions, the place they call home.

Some thrive on a symphony of car horns while for others there’s the rhythmic echo of trains or even ships. The air may hang heavy with spices or fragrant flowers, among buildings that are rarefied or regenerated. There’s no universal formula that makes a city illustrious. But the spectacle of a horizon brimming with prominent buildings great and small evokes an anticipatory thrill about what lies at its core. And a skyline is that city’s iconic signature writ large on a blank canvas, with no two appearing the same.

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Big city life unites the planet. Every habitable continent has metropolitan hot spots that are a hive of activity, a hub of culture – or, to countless millions, the place they call home.

Some thrive on a symphony of car horns while for others there’s the rhythmic echo of trains or even ships. The air may hang heavy with spices or fragrant flowers, among buildings that are rarefied or regenerated. There’s no universal formula that makes a city illustrious. But the spectacle of a horizon brimming with prominent buildings great and small evokes an anticipatory thrill about what lies at its core. And a skyline is that city’s iconic signature writ large on a blank canvas, with no two appearing the same.

A funicular ( / f ə ˈ n ɪ k j ʊ l ər / ), also known as an inclined plane or cliff railway, is a type of cable railway in which a cable attached to a pair of tram-like vehicles on rails moves them up and down a steep slope , the ascending and descending vehicles counterbalancing each other. Funiculars of one type or another have existed for hundreds of years, and they continue to be used for moving both passengers and goods. The name "funicular" itself is derived from the Latin word funiculus , the diminutive of funis , which translates as "rope".

The oldest funicular is the Reisszug , a private line providing goods access to Hohensalzburg Castle at Salzburg in Austria. It was first documented in 1515 by Cardinal Matthäus Lang , who became Archbishop of Salzburg . The line originally used wooden rails and a hemp haulage rope and was operated by human or animal power. Today, steel rails, steel cables and an electric motor have taken over, but the line still follows the same route through the castle's fortifications. [1] [2] This also makes it the oldest operational railway of any type in the world.

In the 18th century, funiculars were used to allow barge traffic on canals to ascend and descend steep hills. An early example were the three inclined planes on Dukart's Canal in County Tyrone , Ireland, that were in use as early as 1777. They were used primarily in the early 19th century, especially during the height of the canal-building era in the 1830s in the United States. Such railways operated by allowing water in feeder canals at the top of the plane to drive a turbine , raising or lowering a canal barge along a steep slope.



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