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  • The Secret Rose Poem by William Butler Yeats - Poem Hunter
  • W. B. Yeats - Wikipedia



The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn was founded in 1888 in Great Britain by S.L. Macgregor Mathers, William Westcott, and William Woodman, all three of which were masters in the Masonic tradition. [4]

The land of Ireland itself does play an important role in Yeats’ conception of nationalism because he conceived of it as the sacred origin of the literary tradition. Yeats often memorializes his attachment to various places in Ireland in exquisite detail in his autobiography, describing his attachment to the land as “a natural conviction for a painter’s son to believe that there may be a landscape that is symbolic of some spiritual condition and awakens a hunger such as cats feel for valerian.” [12] For Yeats, the land of Ireland represented the sacred knowledge that could be accessed through the study of traditional Irish stories.

Know, that I would accounted be/ True brother of a company/ That sang, to sweeten Ireland’s wrong,/ Ballad and story, rann and song;/ Nor be I any less of them,/ Because the red-rose-bordered hem/ Of her, whose history began/ Before God made the angelic clan,/ Trails all about the written page./ When Time began to rant and rage/ The measure of her flying feet/ Made Ireland’s heart begin to beat. [13]

The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn was founded in 1888 in Great Britain by S.L. Macgregor Mathers, William Westcott, and William Woodman, all three of which were masters in the Masonic tradition. [4]

The land of Ireland itself does play an important role in Yeats’ conception of nationalism because he conceived of it as the sacred origin of the literary tradition. Yeats often memorializes his attachment to various places in Ireland in exquisite detail in his autobiography, describing his attachment to the land as “a natural conviction for a painter’s son to believe that there may be a landscape that is symbolic of some spiritual condition and awakens a hunger such as cats feel for valerian.” [12] For Yeats, the land of Ireland represented the sacred knowledge that could be accessed through the study of traditional Irish stories.

Know, that I would accounted be/ True brother of a company/ That sang, to sweeten Ireland’s wrong,/ Ballad and story, rann and song;/ Nor be I any less of them,/ Because the red-rose-bordered hem/ Of her, whose history began/ Before God made the angelic clan,/ Trails all about the written page./ When Time began to rant and rage/ The measure of her flying feet/ Made Ireland’s heart begin to beat. [13]

William Butler Yeats [a] (13 June 1865 – 28 January 1939) was an Irish poet and one of the foremost figures of 20th century literature . A pillar of both the Irish and British literary establishments, he helped to found the Abbey Theatre , and in his later years served as an Irish Senator for two terms. Yeats was a driving force behind the Irish Literary Revival along with Lady Gregory , Edward Martyn and others.

Of Anglo-Irish descent, [2] William Butler Yeats was born at Sandymount in County Dublin , Ireland. [3] His father, John Butler Yeats (1839–1922), was a descendant of Jervis Yeats, a Williamite soldier, linen merchant, and well-known painter who died in 1712. [4] Benjamin Yeats, Jervis's grandson and William's great-great-grandfather, had in 1773 [5] married Mary Butler [6] of a landed family in County Kildare . [7] Following their marriage, they kept the name Butler in the family name. Mary was a descendant of the Butler of Ormond family from the Neigham (pronounced Nyam) Gowran branch of the family. They were descendants of the first Earls of Ormond .

The family returned to London in 1887. In March 1890 Yeats joined the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn , and with Ernest Rhys [22] co-founded the Rhymers' Club , a group of London-based poets who met regularly in a Fleet Street tavern to recite their verse. Yeats later sought to mythologize the collective, calling it the "Tragic Generation" in his autobiography, [23] and published two anthologies of the Rhymers' work, the first one in 1892 and the second one in 1894. He collaborated with Edwin Ellis on the first complete edition of William Blake's works, in the process rediscovering a forgotten poem, "Vala, or, the Four Zoas". [24] [25]



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