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  • History Of U.S. Marine Corps Operations. - Internet Archive
  • History of the U.S. Marine Corps in WWII Vol III - Central.



The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth 's oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Southern Ocean (or, depending on definition, to Antarctica ) in the south and is bounded by Asia and Australia in the west and the Americas in the east.

Though the peoples of Asia and Oceania have traveled the Pacific Ocean since prehistoric times, the eastern Pacific was first sighted by Europeans in the early 16th century when Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa crossed the Isthmus of Panama in 1513 and discovered the great "southern sea" which he named Mar del Sur (in Spanish). The ocean's current name was coined by Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan during the Spanish circumnavigation of the world in 1521, as he encountered favorable winds on reaching the ocean. He called it Mar Pacífico , which in both Portuguese and Spanish means "peaceful sea". [4]

Important human migrations occurred in the Pacific in prehistoric times. About 3000 BC, the Austronesian peoples on the island of Taiwan mastered the art of long-distance canoe travel and spread themselves and their languages south to the Philippines , Indonesia , and maritime Southeast Asia ; west towards Madagascar ; southeast towards New Guinea and Melanesia (intermarrying with native Papuans ); and east to the islands of Micronesia , Oceania and Polynesia . [6]



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