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  • Puppetry - Wikipedia
  • Puppetry: a world history - Eileen Blumenthal - Google Books



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Puppetry is a very ancient form of theatre which was first recorded in the 5th century BC in Ancient Greece . Some forms of puppetry may have originated as long ago as 3000 years BC . [1] Puppetry takes many forms, but they all share the process of animating inanimate performing objects to tell a story. Puppetry is used in almost all human societies both as entertainment – in performance – and ceremonially in rituals and celebrations such as carnivals . [2]

There is slight evidence for puppetry in the Indus Valley Civilization . Archaeologists have unearthed one terracotta doll with a detachable head capable of manipulation by a string dating to 2500 BC. [7] Another figure is a terracotta monkey which could be manipulated up and down a stick, achieving minimum animation in both cases. [7] The epic Mahabharata , Tamil literature from the Sangam Era , and various literary works dating from the late centuries BC to the early centuries AD, including Ashokan edicts , describe puppets. [8] Works like the Natya Shastra and the Kamasutra elaborate on puppetry in some detail. [9]

The Javanese Wayang theater was influenced by Indian traditions. [10] Some scholars trace the origin of puppets to India 4000 years ago, where the main character in Sanskrit plays was known as "Sutradhara", "the holder of strings". [11] Wayang is a strong tradition of puppetry native of Indonesia , especially in Java & Bali . In Java , wayang kulit , an elaborate form of shadow puppetry is very popular. Javanese rod puppets have a long history and are used to tell fables from Javanese history. Another popular puppetry form in Indonesia is Wayang golek .

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