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  • Jewish Ghetto of Krakow | The Holocaust in Krakow
  • The Jewish Ghetto in Krak√≥w | Krakow - In Your Pocket



Although the Warsaw Uprising is the most celebrated act of armed resistance during the Holocaust , this article will focus on two lesser-known, but very important, acts of armed resistance: those in the ghettos of Krakow and Bialystok.

Just as there was no uniformity among the German-created ghettos of Europe with respect to the degree of their isolation, their establishment, their physical circumstances, and other facets of ghetto life, there was no uniformity among the ghettos with respect to armed resistance. While in Warsaw and in other ghettos resistance occurred inside the ghetto, in Krakow, resistance occurred outside. While in Warsaw the only option was to fight; in Bialystok the option of escaping to the woods was a viable one. There is no single model; developments were mostly determined by local conditions and the personalities of the leaders of the resistance, and these differed from place to place. [1]

On the eve of World War II, the Jewish population of Krakow was approximately 60,000, constituting about one quarter of the city's population. The German army occupied Krakow in the first week of September, 1939 and in October, 1939, Krakow became the capital of the Generalgouvernement .

Although the Warsaw Uprising is the most celebrated act of armed resistance during the Holocaust , this article will focus on two lesser-known, but very important, acts of armed resistance: those in the ghettos of Krakow and Bialystok.

Just as there was no uniformity among the German-created ghettos of Europe with respect to the degree of their isolation, their establishment, their physical circumstances, and other facets of ghetto life, there was no uniformity among the ghettos with respect to armed resistance. While in Warsaw and in other ghettos resistance occurred inside the ghetto, in Krakow, resistance occurred outside. While in Warsaw the only option was to fight; in Bialystok the option of escaping to the woods was a viable one. There is no single model; developments were mostly determined by local conditions and the personalities of the leaders of the resistance, and these differed from place to place. [1]

On the eve of World War II, the Jewish population of Krakow was approximately 60,000, constituting about one quarter of the city's population. The German army occupied Krakow in the first week of September, 1939 and in October, 1939, Krakow became the capital of the Generalgouvernement .

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Krakow has been a historically important centre for Jewish culture since the end of the thirteenth century. Anti-semitism was also a factor at the outset of Jewish history in Krakow: a series of pogroms in the fifteenth century culminated in 1494 when a devastaing fire raged through the town and blame fell upon the Jews. With violent reprisals mounting, King John I Albert of Poland ousted the Jewish community from Krakow and resettled them in the neighbouring district of Kazimierz. A ‘golden era’ of Jewish art and spirituality followed, and much of Jewish life was still focussed there at the outbreak of World War II and the formation of the Krakow Ghetto.

Since opening its doors in 1945, the Groteska Theatre has performed lively versions of children´s fairytales and Polish legends with…

Although the Warsaw Uprising is the most celebrated act of armed resistance during the Holocaust , this article will focus on two lesser-known, but very important, acts of armed resistance: those in the ghettos of Krakow and Bialystok.

Just as there was no uniformity among the German-created ghettos of Europe with respect to the degree of their isolation, their establishment, their physical circumstances, and other facets of ghetto life, there was no uniformity among the ghettos with respect to armed resistance. While in Warsaw and in other ghettos resistance occurred inside the ghetto, in Krakow, resistance occurred outside. While in Warsaw the only option was to fight; in Bialystok the option of escaping to the woods was a viable one. There is no single model; developments were mostly determined by local conditions and the personalities of the leaders of the resistance, and these differed from place to place. [1]

On the eve of World War II, the Jewish population of Krakow was approximately 60,000, constituting about one quarter of the city's population. The German army occupied Krakow in the first week of September, 1939 and in October, 1939, Krakow became the capital of the Generalgouvernement .

We shall publish your views on-line as soon as possible. All comments will be reviewed by a moderator in order to avoid abuse. Thank you for participating.



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